Climate change and displacement
28 February 2023
According to the latest data from the Internal Movement Monitoring Center (IDMC), there were 45 million climate displacements or new movements of people in the country in 2020, the highest number in ten years. Disasters and the effects of climate change have caused three times more displacement than violent conflicts.
Unlike other phenomena, due to the size of the world, environmental problems affect all parts of the world. Looking at the map, in 2019 the most affected areas were East Asia, the Pacific Ocean, and South Asia due to floods, storms, typhoons, earthquakes, and typhoons. In addition, sub-Saharan Africa has been severely affected by floods and storms.
What types of climate migration are there?
It is important to note that, although most climate migration occurs within the same country, the fact is that many people are forced to move across borders to escape the effects of global warming.
Migration caused by extreme weather events, such as floods or hurricane-force winds, is the most common. As the IDMC report shows, in 2020 these were responsible for 98% of displacements, which are usually short-term.
On the other hand, we find population movements caused by more gradual and gradual events, such as extreme temperatures or droughts, which do not destroy a home as such but do cause serious social and economic problems. In addition, by affecting the environment, food insecurity is also triggered – as agriculture and livestock farming are put in check – and economic income is minimized, making the area increasingly uninhabitable, forcing the victims to permanently abandon the place where they built their lives.
Major victims of climate change
Currently, more than 500 million children live in flood zones and 160 million in drought zones. In 2020 alone, according to Save the Children, 10 million children were forced to flee their homes due to climate-related natural disasters. If forced migration has a profound effect on the mental health of adults, then it is doubly traumatic for children.
“Climate changes caused people to move in a short period of time and families to return when storms or floods passed. Now, due to the increasing number of natural disasters and the slow decline, we are seeing an increase in permanent migration,” Steve Morgan, director of migration and resettlement at Save The Children, said recently. In addition, after moving, families often live in the same dangerous areas, which puts them back in a very difficult situation.
Likewise, the Climate Migrations order, an ECODES initiative, provides dozens of backgrounders and documents that unpack climate migrations in detail. One of the most striking is Children on the move:
Why, Where and How, which sheds light on the location of migrant children to climate estimation (and on the multiple factors that can close the solution of delaying their home).
To bring this social and environmental problematic closer to our students, we are a handhold in the injudicious itinerary to appear the Objectives of Sustainable Development to consecrate the similarity and the peace in the Planet.
*From Naturaliza we developed the 50′ fake validity ‘We have to go’ with the cold that the pupil of 5º of Primary exterior aware that the sudden or progressive changes in the environment, as a consequence of the common avatar and the socio-environmental conflicts, affect negatively to the dynamism and many people are forced for that reason to delay their homes of entrance and to carry to other zones of the creation looking for better conditions.